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Post Doctorat position at University of Technology of Troyes.

Title: Post-doctorat on Design for Environment and Life Cycle Assessment

Department: The candidate will be integrated into the CREIDD (Centre for Research in Interdisciplinary Studies in Sustainable Development)

Position: Post-Doctorat

Contract work: Employee of the university for 12 months

Begin of the contract: June 2012

Partners

-      UTT

-      ITECH

-      INSA Lyon

-      Renault Trucks SAS

-      PSA

-      Plastic Omnium Auto Exterior

-      SAMES

-      Bollig & Kemper

Research:

The candidate will be part of the Centre of Research and Interdisciplinary Studies on Sustainable Development (CREIDD), which is part of the Charles Delaunay Institute. The candidate will work PURE (Peinture aUtomobile Respectant l’Environnement) project.

The project aims to build a network of research and exchange between companies and universities in the region to develop and industrialize new ways of painting parts for the automotive industry.

The axes of work are mainly oriented lines or innovative application processes more environmentally friendly, more competitive and lower energy consumption.

The candidate will check different technologies and will evaluate the environmental impacts of each technology. It will be necessary to use Life Cycle Assessment principle to assess different coatings. Knowledge in surface treatment will be necessary and in LCA software (Simapro, GABI,…)

Application Procedure: Applicants should send a complete curriculum vitae and cover letter to Tatiana REYES and Bertrand LARATTE: Tatiana.reyes "at" utt.fr and Bertrand.laratte "at" utt.fr

Tatiana REYES

Bertrand LARATTE

Université de technologie de Troyes

12 rue Marie Curie

– BP 2060 –

10 010 Troyes Cedex

 

Press Release

ANescafe smart pack comprehensive Life Cycle Assessment conducted at RMIT University is behind the launch this month of Nestlé Oceania's new NESCAFÉ Gold SMART Pack – an alternative coffee packaging that offers consumers a simple way to reduce their impact on the environment.

The LCA conducted at RMIT's Centre for Design evaluated and compared the potential environmental impact of two packaging formats – the 100g NESCAFÉ Gold coffee glass jar (and polymer lid) and a 90g SMART Pack laminate pouch.

The assessment found the SMART Pack used 73 per cent less non-renewable energy, 66 per cent less water and emitted 75 per cent less CO2 equivalents over its entire life cycle than the glass jar (for a delivered quantity of 100g of coffee).

Simon Lockrey, a Research Fellow at the Centre for Design, said the LCA took in the environmental impact of each stage of the packaging materials, from raw material extraction and processing through to the end of its useful life.

"Although the SMART Pack is made of material that isn't currently recycled, it has a number of environmental benefits," Mr Lockrey said.

"The SMART Pack is light, weighing just 9.5 grams. Making, using and disposing of the pack takes far less water and energy, and the materials, manufacturing and transport-related greenhouse gas emissions are also dramatically reduced.

"Our study also examined 13 alternative variations to our baseline scenario to test for data quality and robustness – from changes in the amount of water used in glass manufacturing to the thickness of the laminate pouch – and we found the SMART Pack was consistently a good environmental choice."

The baseline of the LCA measured the impact of delivering 100g of coffee to an Australian consumer in both forms of packaging. The study conformed to the international standard ISO14044:2006, and was panel peer reviewed by experts in LCA, packaging, retail and environmental advocacy.

An international leader in eco-design and Australia's leading hub of expertise in Life Cycle Assessment, the Centre for Design at RMIT collaborates with industry to provide comprehensive sustainability analysis, strategy and design advice.

The centre is dedicated to all aspects of achieving environmental sustainability outcomes and undertakes fundamental research to inform policy and practice. Research projects range from packaging and consumer products to designing better buildings, suburbs and cities.

 

 

A PhD position, in developing methods for assessing the Life Cycle Impacts of wood-based products, is available at the Environmental System Design Group at ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

The Environmental Systems Design Group is an internationally recognized and leading research group  offering a cooperative and inspiring working environment. The group (part of Institute of Environmental Engineering) conducts research on modeling, analyzing and assessing the environmental performance of products and processes, new technologies and consumption patterns.

The PhD position involves participation in the SNF research project “Life Cycle Management of wood in Switzerland: methods, tools and environmental decision support” (NFP 66 Wood; www.nfp66.ch/E/). The overall project aims to develop an environmental decision-support method and analysis tool to assess the optimal use of wood as a resource including cascading. In order to do a proper environmental assessment, the LCA methodology shall be improved to include environmental impacts specific to the wood value chain.

The Ph.D. thesis deals with the development of Life Cycle Impact Assessment methods for assessing biodiversity related to forest-management practices, as well as for toxicity effects from chemical treatment of wood and emissions of wood combustion. Regional specificity shall be considered in these methods. The final methods will be integrated into an overall model in order to build up sustainable wood-management scenarios and give recommendations to policy makers and industry. Employment will be according to standard regulations at ETH (funding secured for 3 years). The project starts during the first half of 2012 or later upon mutual agreement.

Suitable candidates should hold a master level degree in environmental sciences, natural sciences or similar studies with excellent grades. Experience with environmental assessment methods and tools, such as LCA, and knowledge of forestry is appreciated.

For further information please contact Prof. Dr. Stefanie Hellweg, Institute of Environmental Sciences, by e-mail: stefanie.hellweg "AT" ifu.baug.ethz.ch (no applications).

Applicants should apply online by sending a Curriculum Vitae and a statement of research interest to: ETH Zurich, Mr. Hans-Peter Widmer, Human Resources, 8092 Zurich (widmer AT hr.ethz.ch).

 2:00 PM, 1040 Dana Building, Erb Institute, University of Michigan

U.S. Consumption & Asian Pollution? Revealing the Connection through LCA and Environmental Modeling
What fraction of the particulate impacts in China are due to consumption of products consumed in US? How relevant is our direct exposure as consumers during product use? While addressing these practical questions, this presentation will illustrate cutting-edge developments in Life Cycle Impact Assessment and environmental modeling applying the KICS (Keep It Cleverly Simple) approach.

Dr Olivier Jolliet is a Professor in Impact and Risk Modeling at the School of Public Health of the University of Michigan.

 

2 PhD Stipends, Local Sustainability and the Physical Environment

1 PhD Stipend, Faculty for Social Sciences and Technology Management

1 PhD Stipend, Faculty for Engineering Sciences and Technology

The research projects of the PhD candidates focus on how significant reductions in environmental impacts and resource use can be achieved through changes in infrastructure and durable goods that form the local physical environment within which the daily live of inhabitant happens. The two PhD stipends are connected to NTNU’s successful Industrial Ecology Program (IndEcol) and are expected to contribute to and make use of the growing body of work at IndEcol.

 

Following list of departments is relevant:

SVT 967 Social Sciences and Technology Management:

  • Economics
  • Industrial Economics and Technology Management
  • Political Science
  • Psychology

IVT 72/11Engineering Sciences and Technology position:

  • Building and Transport Engineering
  • Energy and Process Engineering
  • Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering
  • Product Design

 

For further information on IVT 72/11, please contact: Ottar Michelsen, telephone +47 73 59 87 19, e-mail: ottar.michelsen@ntnu.no

For further information on SVT 967, please contact: Lucie Kathrine Sunde-Eidem, telephone +47 73 59 04 88, e-mail: Lucie.Eidem@svt.ntnu.no

 

 

 

"When considering how cars and trucks generate such a large part of the world's greenhouse gas pollution, it's easy to overlook what lies beneath them. But under all that traffic, there are roads. And the paving material itself-the asphalt, concrete, and rock-and how it is placed, have an important impact on the atmosphere"  reports Marianne Lavelle of National Geographic News 

The article reports that John Harvey, principal investigator at the University of California's Pavement Research Center, says that "asphalt versus concrete" is the wrong way of looking at the environmental questions around pavement.  More than 90 percent of pavement is rock, no matter what kind of glue holds it together. One needs  to "keep remembering that rock is the primary ingredient, so there's tremendous energy that goes into the mining, crushing, and hauling of rock in the materials production phase" of a roadway. The UC center, housed at both Berkeley and Davis, is working on developing a framework and models to help government officials make better decisions about roadways, taking into account the entire lifecycle of these long-lived civil engineering projects.

The full article can be found at the National Geographic website here: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2011/10/111017-asphalt-concrete-road-building-energy/

 

 

 

Dr. Edward Frank, Advanced Biofuels Scientist, Argonne National Laboratory, will be speaking at the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center seminar series.  The seminar takes place on November 2nd at 12:00-1:00PM  at Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, One E. Hazelwood Dr., Champaign, IL 61820.

Abstract: Researchers around the world are developing sustainable plant-based liquid transportation fuels (biofuels) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce petroleum consumption. Algae are attractive because they promise large yields per acre compared to grasses, grains, and trees. Algae thus mitigate potentially large land-use change effects associated with other crops. Algae produce oils that can be converted to diesel and gasoline equivalents in current refineries while other biofuels like ethanol and biodiesel require expensive production and distribution infrastructure modifications as well as vehicle changes. It takes considerable energy to produce algal biofuels with current technology and an outstanding question is how much energy and greenhouse gas benefits algal biofuels can provide compared to petroleum fuels when one considers the critical supply-chain stages in the fuel pathway. This is challenging because of technology uncertainties; thus, previous algal biofuel studies on energy and emission effects show diverse results. Argonne National Laboratory released a detailed study that identified key parameters that affect answers to this question. The study concluded that with a baseline scenario, GHG emission reductions for algae-based fuels are affected by a few critical factors such as energy use for water movement, algal oil extraction, and treatment of algae biomass residues. In particular, the study concluded that the anaerobic digestion process that is commonly used in algal biofuel models has the potential to produce substantial greenhouse gas emissions and that alternative scenarios, e.g., catalytic hydrothermal gasification, may avoid these emissions. The work produced and utilized an expanded version of Argonne's GREET model for modeling energy consumption and emissions in transportation systems. The work was supported by the Office of Biomass Program within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the U.S. Department of Energy.

This seminar will be videotaped and archived for later viewing on the ISTC website www.istc.illinois.edu.

 

Assistant Professor, Industrial Ecology and Life Cycle Analysis POSTED: Sep 29
Salary: Open Location: Bloomington, Indiana
Employer: School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University Type: Full Time – Experienced
Field of Specialization: Analytical, Energy, Environmental Required Education: Doctorate

 

Employer Information

 

About School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University

 

SPEA is a multidisciplinary, professional school on the Bloomington and Indianapolis core campuses of Indiana University. The School is committed to excellence in research, teaching and service and to addressing critical issues in public policy and management. All faculty members teach required and elective courses at the undergraduate, masters, and doctoral levels. SPEA is one of the largest U.S. public affairs schools in the nation with over a total of 70 tenure-track faculty on its two mai

 

Job Description

 

Tenure Track Faculty Position School of Public and Environmental Affairs Indiana University, Bloomington Industrial Ecology & Life Cycle Analysis The School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University-Bloomington (IUB) invites applications for a tenure-track faculty position in industrial ecology and life cycle analysis. We seek an outstanding individual at the rank of Assistant Professor with research expertise and interest in one or more of the following areas: energy systems analysis, waste-to-energy systems, life cycle analysis, GHG mitigation and climate adaptation strategies, or green chemistry. Demonstrated potential to complement existing strengths in SPEA (http://www.indiana.edu/~spea/faculty/index.shtml) and on the IUB campus (see Center for Research in Environmental Sciences at http://www.indiana.edu/~cres1/index.shtml) is also valued. Preference will be given to candidates with advanced training in science or engineering from disciplines that include physics, chemistry, biology, environmental science, civil and environmental engineering, and from interdisciplinary programs that blend technical and social science reasoning. We expect faculty to establish an independent, externally funded research program and teach environmental science courses related to the candidate’s discipline at undergraduate and graduate levels. Postdoctoral research experience is preferred. SPEA is a multidisciplinary, professional school on the Bloomington and Indianapolis core campuses of Indiana University. The School is committed to excellence in research, teaching and service and to addressing critical issues in environmental science, public policy and management. SPEA is one of the largest U.S. public affairs schools in the nation with over a total of 70 tenure-track faculty on its two main campuses, Bloomington and Indianapolis. The graduate program consistently ranks among the best in the country. Applications received by November 1, 2011 are guaranteed full consideration. Review of applications will continue until the position is filled. Please submit a letter of application, current vita, supporting documentation of scholarship, complete contact information, and three letters of recommendation electronically to speahrie "at" indiana.edu or a hard copy to: Dr. David Reingold Executive Associate Dean for Bloomington SPEA, Room 300 1315 E. Tenth Street Indiana University Bloomington, IN, 47405-1701

 

For more information see: http://www.indiana.edu/~spea. Indiana University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer, Educator and Contractor, M/F/D and strongly committed to achieving excellence through cultural diversity. The university actively encourages applications and nominations of women, persons of color, applicants with disabilities and members of other underrepresented groups.

 

 

NOTES: Employer will assist with relocation costs   

 

Harvard Co-hosting Life Cycle Analysis of Metals Symposium – October 31-November 2

recycle centerThe Harvard School of Public Health and the Metal Environment and Health Alliance (the Alliance), together with Japanese partners, are holding a symposium to bring together experts and policy makers from Japan and the U.S., as well as other Asian and European countries, to discuss what policies should be in place to minimize the health and environmental consequences of metals. It will be held at the University of Tokyo, October 31-November 2.

This symposium, titled “Life Cycle Analysis of Metals: Improving Health, Environment and Productivity,” will accelerate a conversation among scientists and representatives from industry, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and governments to develop strategies that improve health and maintain human security in communities affected by the growing demand for metals. It will also solidify relationships among institutions in Japan and other countries with the goal of assuring that human health is a key consideration in sustainable development around the world.

Questions that symposium speakers will explore include:

  • Are metal-containing products recycled within Japan or exported to other countries, where recycling and disposal may be done in a less safe manner?
  • How can recycling help meet the demand for rare earths in Japanese industry? As Japan forms partnerships with companies in other countries to establish new mines to supply needed metals, how can we assure that these mines will not damage the environment or human health?
  • How can consumers be encouraged to recycle? What is the role of social systems and regulations?
  • What are the sources of metal contamination in developing countries? How severe is this problem?
  • In developing countries, how can recycling be consolidated and made safer and more efficient within the informal sector, without jeopardizing the livelihoods of some of the world’s most vulnerable citizens?
  • How can metal-containing nanoparticles, which may exhibit unexpected toxicity to the lungs and other organ systems, be disposed of safely?
  • What are the environmental consequences of the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake and tsunami? What can the response to these disasters teach us about the culture of recycling in Japan?

For more information on this symposium, visit www.hsph.harvard.edu/mining.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The MIT Concrete Hub recently released this report on the Life Cycle Assessment of Concrete Pavement. This research is novel in that it supports ongoing standardization for conducting any pavement LCA.
 
The general methodology is applied to concrete pavements in order to evaluate the impacts of this infrastructure system and demonstrate the application of good-practice pavement LCA. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the concrete pavement life cycle are quantified for twelve functional units, which collectively evaluate average conditions for each major roadway classification in the United States. The twelve classifications include six urban and six rural roadways of the following types: interstate, prinicipal arterial, minor arterial, major collector, minor collector and local.
 
The results are used to estimate national GHG emissions caused by new concrete pavement construction each year. The functional units also serve as baselines to identify and quantify GHG emission reduction opportunities, both for the mass of reduced emissions and the accompanying cost effectiveness. Among the evaluated reduction strategies, the two that reduce embodied emissions (increased fly ash and reduced overdesign) demonstrate simultaneous cost and emission savings, ranging as high as hundreds of dollars saved per ton of CO2e reduced. Scenarios also exist where increasing albedo, promoting end-of-life carbonation, and decreasing vehicle fuel consumption through reduced pavement roughness will effectively reduce GHG emissions at costs comparable to the current price of carbon in the global market.
 
Another novel aspect of this study is the inclusion of a sophisticated representation of pavement-vehicle interaction (PVI).  This factor was included by developing a first-order mechanistic model is developed that rationalizes the impact of deflection within PVI. The model provides a relationship between vehicle mass, material stiffness, structural thickness, and vehicle fuel consumption.